12. - 19. 2. 2011

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Alpine skiing

Alpine Skiing in the EYOWF 2011 Competition Programme

Categories Races
Boys Giant slalom Slalom
Girls Giant slalom Slalom
Boys & Girls Parallel giant slalom of teams


Detailed Alpine Skiing programme here.
For Invitation and Official Programme of Alpine Skiing click here.



Alpine skiing gradually evolved from Nordic skiing, which arrived in Central Europe from Norway. Neither the telemark style (one leg in front of the other) nor the equipment were suitable for the steep alpine slopes though. This led to the gradual development of Alpine skiing, and its separation from cross country skiing. In order to develop improved ski control and steeper hill management at a higher speed, it was necessary to permanently fix both the tip and the heel of the boot. More wide-spread development of Alpine skiing was accompanied by the development of winter resorts and by cable-car and ski lift construction.

Alpine skiing was introduced to the Olympics in 1936 in Garmisch–Partenkirchen, in the form of the Alpine combination of men and women. Its major development and popularity after the Second World War was demonstrated at the first post-war Olympics, which included three disciplines of Alpine skiing: downhill skiing; slalom; and combination. Today, Alpine skiing has six Olympic disciplines and a separate World Championships; it is a popular sport of mass appeal providing an attractive spectacle when performed by the top skiers in the world.



Slalom Downhill Downhill

Disciplines of Alpine skiing

The principle of slalom is to ski down the track as fast as possible, while passing through all the gates on the race course. The gates are made of two alternating blue and two red poles, the arrangement of which determines the race course for the skier. The number of gates for the men’s race course is between 55 and 75, and 40 to 60 for women. Their distance and placement on the race course are set by the rules. The slalom consists of a two-round system. After the first round, a new course is built. In World Cup races, in which only 30 skiers qualify for the second round, the skiers start in the reverse order, i.e. the winner of the first round is the last one to go on the course. The athlete with the best time total from the first and second round wins.
Giant slalom
Giant slalom together with slalom rank among the so-called technical disciplines. The giant slalom race course is longer and the gates are further apart. The course elevation for women is between 250 and 400m, and for men it is between 250 to 450m. The race is divided into two rounds; a new course is built for the second round. The starting order is the same as in slalom. The positions are determined by the total time of both rounds; the winner has the best total time.

 Interesting numbers

     is the maximum slope of the course in Zillertal, Austria


is the official world record in speed skiing – it is held by the Italian skier Simone Origone, who achieved it at the French resort Les Arcs in 2006


is the total of all medals won by so far by the most successful Alpine skier, Kjetil Andre Aamodt from Norway. He won the medals at: World Cups (62); World Championships (12); and Olympic Games (8).

Super Giant Slalom (Super G)
Super G combines the giant slalom features with downhill skiing. It is a speed race, where the skiers move as fast as 90km/hour. There are usually at least 35 gates on the race course for men and 30 for women through which the skiers have to pass. The number of gates is determined proportionally to the vertical drop of the course. It is one of the youngest Alpine disciplines. It was introduced at the Olympics in Calgary, Canada, in 1988. The race only has one round, and the skier with the best time wins. As with other slalom races, the super G also allows the skiers only a visually checking of the race course before the start, they are not allowed to have a practice run.
Downhill skiing

It is the fastest and one of the oldest Alpine disciplines. It has been a regular part of the Olympic programme since 1948. The standard course length is between 1½ and 2½ minutes. In the fastest parts, the skiers go as fast as 130 km/hour; at the famous course in Kitzbühl they may go as fast as 150 km/hour. The course is marked with gates, which are not intended for passing through. Time is measured with the precision of a hundredth of a second. The race only has one round; the skier with the best time wins.

Alpine Combined Competitions

The Combined is the oldest Alpine Olympic discipline. Although it was the only Alpine discipline in Garmisch–Partenkirchen in 1936, it disappeared from the programme after the Second World War. It was re-established in 1988, at the Olympics in Calgary. At the Olympics and World Championships, the Combined is a separate discipline; in the World Cup series it only takes place rarely. The Combined consists of one round of downhill and two rounds of slalom. All the times are added and the winner is the skier with the best total time.
In order to make this discipline more attractive, and encourage more skiers to participate, the International Ski Federation introduced a new format for this race in 2005 – the so-called super Combined. The super Combined consists of one round of slalom and downhill, and has currently practically replaced the original Alpine Combined.
Additional Races
In order to make this sport even more attractive, new disciplines are being introduced, such as parallel slalom and giant slalom, performed on two parallel courses along with K.O. races and team competitions.

The team competition was first performed at the World Championships in Bormio, Italy, in 2005. There were six members of each team (3 men and 3 women), from which 2 started in the Super G slalom and 2 in the slalom. The team with the lowest sum of places in each of the disciplines was the winner.

New format of team competitions
At the World Cup final in Garmisch-Partenkirchen in March 2010, a new format for the team race was tested for the first time, the team parallel slalom. In a knockout system of a tournament, the 16 best national teams were ranked according to their standings in the Nations Cup. There were always two teams comprised of two men and two women competing against one other. The winner of each race scored a point. The team with the most points made it to the next round. In the case of a 2:2 draw, the team with the fastest time won.

It should be stated at this  point that the winner of the first Team Parallel Slalom in the FIS World Cup was, surprisingly, the team from the Czech Republic, represented by Lucie Hrstková, Šárka Záhrobská, Ondřej Bank and Kryštof Krýzl.

Due to the highly attractive format, the quick pace of the tournament, the dramatic spectacle for spectators and the high TV rating, the FIS decided to continue with the development of this discipline. As a result, there will be three of these races during the following season. The World Cup series will open and close with this team event. In addition, this race was included in the programme of the 2011 World Championships.

And in the same format (with only a minor modification: in case of a draw, not only the best time will decide, but the sum of the times of the fastest man and the fastest woman from each team) this team event will be held at 2011 EYOWF in the Liberec Region.
The sports venue Ještěd lies at the foothill of the Ještěd Mountain (1012 metres above sea level), the dominant feature of Liberec and its surroundings. Recently, it has been modernized and thus the venue became one of the most modern ski facilities in the Czech Republic.Visitors can find here 12.5 km of downhill race courses, of which 95 % may be covered with an artificial snow. One cabin cableway, two 4-seater chairlifts, one 2-seater chairlift, and five lifts are available here to transport skiers. The venue shares facilities with a ski jump complex.
The venue is easily accessible from the city. Almost directly at the entrance to the venue there is the terminal of a tram that goes across the whole Liberec. Directly next to it is the central car park.
Two local ski slopes will be used for the purposes of Alpine Ski competitions during the 10th European Youth Olympic Winter Festival 2011. The ski slope “Under the Cables" leading under the cabin cableway route will be used as the race slope. The “Slalom course" slope will serve as a training slope. Both ski slopes are equipped with snowmaking technology.
The competition facilities and the refreshment area for athletes will be located in the new service building of the venue, which is situated on the slope at the outrun of the ski jumping hills. The facilities for media, the Organising Committee and VIP will be at the finish point of the race, i.e. at the run-out of the downhill course Pod Lany.
Past competitions held in the Venue Ještěd:
World Cup Masters 2005
National Championships in Alpine Skiing
Games of the IV Olympic Days for Children and Youth of the Czech Republic






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Did you enjoy the EYOWF 2011 in the Liberec Region?