Ski Jumping at EYOWF 2011 Competition Programme
||Individual HS 100
||Teams HS 100
Detailed Ski Jumping programme here.
For Invitation and Official Programme of Ski Jumping click here.
ABOUT THIS SPORT
Ski Jumping represents a traditional winter sport, which originated in Norway. Together with Nordic Combined and Cross Country Skiing, it belongs to the group of Nordic skiing disciplines. Just like most sports, ski jumping has undergone extensive development since its beginning in 1870s.
Its followers have gradually experimented with various types of inrun settings, trying to achieve the longest possible distance; and the flight phase itself has undergone important changes. A fundamental change in the “modern" jumping era came in the mid 1980s in the shift from the classic style, where the jumper’s skis were under his body during the flight phase, to current V-technique. The V-technique was pioneered by Jan Böklev from Sweden. He ignored score deductions from jumping judges and used this technique to land several metres further than the rest of the jumpers, who were still using the classic technique.
Gradually, more and more jumpers used and developed more sophisticated and smoother V-techniques. With the growing number of V-technique followers, the jumping judges gradually adjusted their approach and no longer deducted points for the flight phase. Today, the V-technique is recognised and used by all top ski jumpers; it is essential for success.
A ski jumping competition consists of a trial round; qualification; first competition round; and final round. Conditions for qualification depend on competition type; usually 50 jumpers qualify into the first competition round, and the best thirty then continue into the final round. During EYOWF 2011 there will be no qualification for ski jumpers. All competitors move forward the first competition round. The final round has reversed order – the winner from the first competition round jumps last. This helps to build the drama of the competition, bringing the climax to the very end.
||Classic technique (old)
The jumps take place on certified ramps of various sizes, with approved profile and facilities. Formerly, jumping hills were marked according to the construction point (K): K 30; K 50; K 120, etc. This is now replaced with more precise HS (hill size) labelling, e.g. HS 134, which is calculated individually for each hill, using special formulas. Both individual and team competitions are held. Teams consist of four jumpers, gradually taking turns, their scores totalled up.
Ski jumping aims at the longest possible jump, using as precise a technique as possible. According to uniform tables, the jumper is given point for the jump length. Jump technique is assessed by five jumping judges; each can give up to 20 points. The highest and lowest scores given are ignored. The maximum style score can thus be 60. Jumping judges assess the entire jump phase: from the flight phase, with the jumper almost motionlessly positioned between the skis; and the landing phase “telemark” (legs bent in the knees, and the back leg knee is in the vicinity of the forwarded leg’s ankle) to a flawless departure from the landing run. The scores for jump length and style are totalled; the jumper with the highest score from both first and final round is the competition winner.
In team competition, a jumper from each team jumps in turn; the scores of all team members are assessed, and the team with the highest score wins.
jumpers won the world record in ski jumping: (1964 - Dalibor Motejlek 142 m; 1969 - Jiří Raška 164 m; 1983 - Pavel Ploc 181 m)
| 239 m
|is the current world record, held by Bjørn Einar Romøren from Norway, is
were held the first Winter Olympic Games in French Chamonix and ski jumping was one of the main disciplines.
ABOUT VENUE - SKI JUMPING VENUE JEŠTĚD
The ski jumping hills are on the North side of the Ještěd ridge at the level starting from 653 (outrun) to 788 metres above sea level (inrun). The Ski Jumping venue features two hills - HS134 (former K120) and HS100 (K-90) with a shared outrun.
For the purposes of the EYOWF 2011 competition the smaller jumping hill will be used. The ski jumping hill HS100 is a hill with a natural inrun. The cooled inrun track will provide identical conditions for all competitors.
Following a remodelling in 2008 a six-floor administrative building grew next to the outrun. It should provide support for the entire process of the ski jumping competitions. The building is inserted in the slope and therefore only two floors can be seen from the outrun side; so the building is not protruding over the hills or the grandstands. On the building there is placed the scoreboard for spectators and athletes. At the outrun level at the building a concrete area of 10 x 30 m has been built to provide a facility for the jumpers during the competition.
During the extensive remodelling the judge tower was also modernized and now it meets even the strictest criteria of the International Ski Federation. The five-floor building is used as a facility for the competition management, for the competition jury, jumping judges, competition offices, and data & timing technology together with technical back offices. Complete process of jumping races will be provided from this place.
The hills are lit with an intensity of 1,000 lx and therefore the competition is planned to be held in the evening.
The venue features one fixed grandstand for spectators. That is located on the West side and can seat more than 8,000 spectators. The coaches’ grandstand, a warming room, a cableway for the athletes (the boarding point is about 20 m from their facility), 20 cabins designated as the facilities for the athletes, and the possibility of artificial snowmaking are naturally included.
The whole venue is accessible thanks to the roads, which are maintained even in winter.
Competitions held here:
International Ski Jumping series Bohemian Tournament held from 1973 to1994
World Cup Ski Jumping in 2000, 2003, 2004
Nordic Combined World Cup - Ski Jumping
Continental Cup Ski Jumping
Annual local Ski Jumping competitions
World Masters Alpine Championship 2005